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 The Story of Maths

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Vincent Parbelle
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Nombre de messages : 56
Localisation : Lyon, Lycée La Martinière Monplaisir
Date d'inscription : 12/04/2007

MessageSujet: The Story of Maths   Sam 20 Déc 2008 - 0:52

La série en quatre épisodes de la BBC The Story of Maths sera diffusée en janvier sur BBC World News.

La chaîne est disponible sur la plupart des réseaux câblés, avec l'ADSL sur Free (gratuitement ou pour un coût modique de l'ordre de 0,30€ par mois) et peut-être chez d'autres fournisseurs d'accès qui incluent la TV dans leur forfait.

Cette série a été réalisée par l'Open University et déjà diffusée au Royaume-Uni sur BBC 4.

Un site très très riche est consacré à la série :
http://www.open2.net/storyofmaths/

Voici la description de la série par le réalisateur :
http://www.open2.net/storyofmaths/presenterstory.html

A vos magnétos et autres graveurs de DVD !


RESUME DES QUATRE PARTIES


Citation :
Four-part series about the history of mathematics, presented by Oxford professor Marcus du Sautoy.

1/4 THE LANGUAGE OF THE UNIVERSE
After showing how fundamental mathematics is to our lives, du Sautoy explores the mathematics of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia and Greece.

In Egypt, he uncovers use of a decimal system based on ten fingers of the hand, while in former Mesopotamia he discovers that the way we tell the time today is based on the Babylonian Base 60 number system.

In Greece, he looks at the contributions of some of the giants of mathematics including Plato, Euclid, Archimedes and Pythagoras, who is credited with beginning the transformation of mathematics from a tool for counting into the analytical subject we know today.

2/4 THE GENIUS OF THE EAST
When ancient Greece fell into decline, mathematical progress stagnated as Europe entered the Dark Ages, but in the East mathematics reached new heights.

Du Sautoy visits China and explores how maths helped build imperial China and was at the heart of such amazing feats of engineering as the Great Wall.

In India, he discovers how the symbol for the number zero was invented and Indian mathematicians' understanding of the new concepts of infinity and negative numbers.

In the Middle East, he looks at the invention of the new language of algebra and the spread of Eastern knowledge to the West through mathematicians such as Leonardo Fibonacci, creator of the Fibonacci Sequence.

3/4 THE FRONTIERS OF SPACE
By the 17th century, Europe had taken over from the Middle East as the world's powerhouse of mathematical ideas. Great strides had been made in understanding the geometry of objects fixed in time and space. The race was now on to discover the mathematics to describe objects in motion.

In this programme, Marcus du Sautoy explores the work of René Descartes and Pierre Fermat, whose famous Last Theorem would puzzle mathematicians for more than 350 years. He also examines Isaac Newton's development of the calculus, and goes in search of Leonard Euler, the father of topology or 'bendy geometry' and Carl Friedrich Gauss, who, at the age of 24, was responsible for inventing a new way of handling equations: modular arithmetic.

4/4 THE INIFINITY AND BEYOND
Marcus du Sautoy concludes his investigation into the history of mathematics with a look at some of the great unsolved problems that confronted mathematicians in the 20th century.

After exploring Georg Cantor's work on infinity and Henri Poincare's work on chaos theory, he looks at how mathematics was itself thrown into chaos by the discoveries of Kurt Godel, who showed that the unknowable is an integral part of maths, and Paul Cohen, who established that there were several different sorts of mathematics in which conflicting answers to the same question were possible.

He concludes his journey by considering the great unsolved problems of mathematics today, including the Riemann Hypothesis, a conjecture about the distribution of prime numbers. A million dollar prize and a place in the history books await anyone who can prove Riemann's theorem.
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